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Saturday, November 18, 2017

MarkerDetails

Marker Details

Historical Marker:

First State Prison in Illinois


Picture:
Location:
The marker is located in Alton, about 30 yards north of Broadway on the west side of Williams Street. It is in front of the remaining walls of the prison, which are being preserved.
Latitude:
38.8913
Longitude:
-90.1894
Dedication Date:
01/01/1950
Dedication By:
The Illinois State Historical Society

Marker Description:
Ruins of the first state prison in Illinois. Built in 1830-31. Unsanitary conditions aroused persistent criticism from Dorothea Dix, pioneer in prison reform. All inmates were transferred to Joliet prior to 1860. During the Civil War many Confederate prisoners were incarcerated here and deaths averaged to ten a day.
Map:

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