IN 1963, DURING THE HEIGHT of the Civil War centennial, the Illinois State Historical Society published a special issue of its journal to commemorate and celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. The articles in the issue covered a wide range of topics related to African American history in Illinois up to the Civil War era. Although the ISHS had published articles on Illinois African American history through the years, a special issue devoted exclusively to the top was deemed appropriate.
As the sesquicentennial of both the Civil War and the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment draws to a close, it is no less appropriate to devote a special issue of this journal to African American history in Illinois. In hist second inaugural address Lincoln said that all knew that slavery somehow was the cause of the Civil War. To commemorate and remember the war without discussing slavery and the broader questions of African American citizenship and participation in society would be wrong. And so, I am happy to present six outstanding articles covering a variety of topics on Illinois African American history.
THE SUMMER ISSUE OF THE JOURNAL OFFERS three articles that examine key aspects of the Prairie State's Political history.
In "Elijah P. Lovejoy: Anti-Catholic Abolitionist," John Duerk examines the famous abolitionist's anti-Catholicism, which constituted a vital component of Lovejoy's larger worldview.
In "A Question of Loyalty: The 1896 Election in Quincy, Illinois," John Coats analyzes the election of 1896 at the grassroots. For decades political historians have viewed the election of 1896 as a "critical" election, marking the transition from the third to the fourth party system.
Finally, Richard Allen Morton's "It Was Bryan and Sullivan Who did the Trick': How William Jennings Bryan and Illinois' Roger C. Sullivan Brought About the Nomination of Woodrow Wilson in 1912," examines the backroom negotiations and on-floor machinations that produced Woodrow Wilson's nomination at the 1912 Democratic Party convention in Baltimore.
The present issue of the Journal takes us from the colorful din of the 1893 Chicago World's Fair to the bucolic downstate coal belt.
In "Types and Beauties: Evaluating the Exoticizing Women on the Midway Plaissand at the 1893 Columbian Exposition," Rachel Boyle traces the intersection of racial and gendered discourses in the representations of forgeign women published in suvenior books commemorating the World' Fair.
Lisa Cushing provides a fascinating article, "Hedgemony and Resistance at the World's Columbian Exposition: Simon Pokagon and The Red Man's Rebuke" situates a key moment at the Exposition - Chicago Day - in the ironic and often tragic history of ninteenth-century United State Indian policy. Which is a story of the city's birth and subsequent rise.
In "Strip Coal Mining and Reclamation in Fulton County, Illinois: An Environmental History", Greg Hall shifts the study of twentieth-century Illinois coal mining into the growing field of environmental history. Pushing beyond categories employed by social, economic and labor historians, Hall uses Fulton County as a case study in what an envonmental history of Illinois coal mining might look like.