Thursday, March 30, 2023

Illinois Heritage

cover photos of Illinois Heritage magazine

Illinois Heritage Magazine

Illinois Heritage, the popular history magazine of the Illinois State Historical Society, was established in 1997 to encourage professional and amateur historians, museum professionals, teachers, genealogists, journalists, and other researchers to explore and write about Prairie State history for a broad audience.

Illinois Heritage is published six times per year and is available as a benefit of membership in the Illinois State Historical Society. Individual editions can also be purchased by contacting our office directly. Visit our Membership section for membership options and information.

Visit our Illinois Heritage Magazine section to see issue summaries and sample articles from recent releases.

Illinois State Historical Society   |   Strawbridge-Shepherd House   |   PO Box 1800   |   Springfield, IL 62705-1800

War Emergency Pipeline Historical Marker Dedication

Event date: 11/11/2019 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM Export event
/ Categories: Events, ISHS Event, General News

War Emergency Pipeline Historical Marker Dedication

A Dedication Ceremony of an Illinois State Historical Society historical marker honoring the completion of the War Emergency Pipeline at Norris City will be held at Enbridge – Texas Eastern in Norris City on November 11, 2019 (Veterans’ Day) at 2 p.m.

Everyone is invited to attend the Dedication. There will be displays and pictures of the building of the “Big Inch” pipeline, the Norris City terminal, the Dedication Ceremony in 1943, and refreshments. The dedication of the completion of the War Emergency Pipeline on February 19, 1943 at Norris City was an historical event for our nation and for World War II.

Beginning in February 1942 German submarines (U-boats) were sinking American oil tankers hauling oil from the Gulf of Mexico to the east coast oil refineries. This consisted of 95 percent of the oil destined for east coast refineries with 90 percent of it being from Texas oil fields. These American tankers were being sunk at the rate of three per day.

A pipeline was built from Longview, Texas to Norris City, Illinois where oil was then transported by railroad oil tank cars to the east coast refineries, plus fifteen 80,000 barrel oil storage tanks were built at Norris City. The dedication of the completion at Norris City on February 19, 1943 was attended by over 2,000 people and was covered by a live broadcast from Norris City by the NBC Network and filmed by Paramount Studios and shown as a newsreel before movies in theaters nationwide. Even Nazi German maps showed this oil terminal at Norris City as a target to blow up.

The War Emergency Pipeline’s importance on the World War II war effort was tremendous by enabling the safe and timely transport of vital oil during the height of the war.

316 County Road 700 N (East Main Street and Illinois Route 1)
Norris City, IL  62869 (Map)



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